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˲ ²Ҳ ֲ Բ ֲ . ...

. 2011. . 57.

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. . 糿. . () Radopholus similis Meloidogyne spp. Meloidogyne enterolobii.

, , , , 1,5 ( 2010 ), 1450 [1]. (. 1): , , 糿 20082010 , 1,2 , , , , 볿 1,12,1 (: - 20082010 ).

, 糿 19952008 160 .. , 2011.

. 1. 2008 2010 (, 20082010) 43 24% [2].

.

. 01.2008 08.2011 [3] [1].

. , 4- ᒺ 189 108 (. 2). , ( ) 20072008 ( 19992000 ) [2].

, 20082011 , 19952008 [2].

. 2. ᒺ ( EPPO Reporting service, 20082011) ᒺ , 糿 (363 67%) (109 20%) (. 3).

: 151 126 (. 1).

ǒ, (242 ); , / , (. 3).

Aphelenchoides, Ditylenchus, Globodera, Helicotylenchus, Meloidogyne, Paratylenchus, Pratylenchus, Radopholus, Rotylenchus, Tylenchorhynchus, Tylenchus, Xiphinema, Scutellonema Criconematidae, Trichodoridae (. 2).

. 3. ᒺ ( EPPO Reporting service, 20082011)

1. ʳ ᒺ 糿 ( EPPO Reporting service, 20082011)

   

Ditylenchus, Helicotylenchus, Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus, Trichodorus, Tylenchorhynchus, Xiphinema Heteroderidae.

, , Bursaphelenchus (3 , .. B. xylophilus), Criconemoides, Cryphodera, Aphelenchoides Trichodoridae.

Ditylenchus destructor, Globodera pallida, Globodera rostochiensis.

Anubias (Anubias barteri), Cryptocoryne (Cryptocoryne beckettii, Cryptocoryne wendtii) (15 ), ѳ (11), 糿 (3) 糿 (3) Radopholus similis (20 ),

   

Tylenchorhynchus spp. (3), Hirschmanniella spp. (3), Pratylenchus spp. (3), Meloidogyne spp. (2) Meloidogyne javanica (1).

20082011 29 18 (Aphelenchoides, Bursaphelenchus, Criconemoides, Cry. 4. ᒺ , ( EPPO Reporting service, 200808.2011) phodera, Ditylenchus, Globodera, Helicotylenchus, Hirschmanniella, Meloidogyne, Paratylenchus, Pratylenchus, Radopholus, Rotylenchus, Scutellonema, Trichodorus, Tylenchorhynchus, Tylenchus, Xiphinema), 12 (Aphelenchoididae, Anguinidae, Criconematidae, Dolichodoridae, Heteroderidae, Hoplolaimidae, Longidoridae, Meloidogynidae, Paratylenchidae, Pratylenchidae, Trichodoridae, Tylenchidae) 2 (Tylenchida, Dorylaimida) (. 2).

, B. xylophilus (35 ), G. pallida (26), G. rostochiensis (26), R. similis (26) X. americanum (25).

29- , :

1 , Aphelenchoides besseyi Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Globodera pallida Radopholus similis 2 , Globodera rostochiensis Ditylenchus destructor Ditylenchus dipsaci , .

, 糿 (67% 20082011 ).

.

Radopholus similis Meloidogyne spp.

ISPM 2, 11 PM 5/1 (1), 5/3 (5) [4-9].

Meloidogyne enterolobii 2011 Alert List 2 ( ), .

˲Բ

1. . http:// www.ukrstat.org/

2. Kenis M., Petter F., Mourits M., Anderson H., Kehlenbeck H., Vlaenderen J. V., Pr C., Griessenger D., Roques A., Loustau M.-L., Pysek P.

Enhancements of pest risk analysis techniques / PRATIQUE / D 1.2 and

1.3 Datasets FINAL.doc. https://secure.fera.defra.gov.uk/ pratique/publications.cfm?deliverables=1

3. EPPO Reporting service 20082011. http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOReporting/Reporting_Archives.htm

4. ISPM 2: Guidelines for pest risk analysis, 1996. FAO, Rome.

5. ISPM 11: Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests, including analysis of environmental risks and living modified organisms, 2004. FAO, Rome.

6. PM 5/1 (1) Guidelines on pest risk analysis (PRA). No. 1. Checklist of information required for pest risk analysis (PRA). Bulletin OEPP/ EPPO Bulletin 23, 191198.

7. PM 5/3 (5) Guidelines on pest risk analysis (PRA). No. 3. Pest risk assessment scheme, 2011. EPPO, Paris.

.. . . , 29- , 7- . . . . () Radopholus similis Meloidogyne spp. - Meloidogyne enterolobii.

LA Pylypenko. Probability of plant parasitic nematodes introduction with imported commodities Probability of plant parasitic nematodes introduction with imported commodities was analyzed. It was shown that by this pathway introduction of 29 nematode species (including 7 species from the National List of regulated pests in Ukraine) was possible. Nematodes accounted the second position of the interceptions following insects. The highest phytosanitary risk posed commodities imported from Asia. The most likely plant-parasitic nematodes could be introduced with infected plants for planting. It was proved the necessity to review the pest risk analysis (PRA) for nematodes from the National List (Radopholus similis and Meloidogyne spp.) because of a new pathway detected (along with aquarium plants) and the initial PRA for Meloidogyne enterolobii.



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