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Shpynta G.M.

LINGUISTIC STATUS OF AFFIXOID-ELEMENTS IN THE

LATIN ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATURE

Abstract. This article analyses Latin-language names of insects according to the morphlogical peculiarities of words with affixoidcomponent. The morphological specificity of affixoids usage in the Latin zoological nomenclature is researched. The author examines different scientific ideas, connecting with the problem of linguistic status of affixoidmorphems. It is important, that there is no unigue point of view on the affixoids in the Latin nomenclature. These affixoid-morphems arent recognized as a separate group of morphemes, while in some cases affixoidmorphems save their shape (form) and the original meaning of morphemes derivatives (e.g. pseud-, -ger, -fer, -morpha, -formis), sometimes do not store any morphological origin of morpheme derivatives (-eps, -fica) and any original meaning (-oides, -cola, -ago). The author considers affixoids not as a separate group of morphemes, because they are the same in morphological meaning with composite-words and suffixal words.

XIX Linguistic analysis of affixoids in the Latin nomenclature affirms dual character of these morphological components.

Key words: compound words (composites), affixoid, affix, compounding, classical languages, zoological nomenclature.

Information about author: Shpynta Halyna Mykhailivna PhD, associate professor of the Latin languages department; National O.O. Bohomolets medical university.

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oo, 㳿 , "i o o" [3], , oie "e e e i e ooooo ei, oe oe io ioi " [4, . 8].

ooi e i, ioo ooo . eo [10], I. o [12] i.

oe oeoo eiooio e o o ie oie . e [4], . o [16], . oeo [18] .

i oooi oooe iei, ii oei oi . oo [6; 7]), ei eo oi o . e [17], ieo : oooe i ei (, 㳿) . oooo [15].

.

ᒺ , - . .

io. , "oi iooi oe, o oo o oooeoo o, eioo iiooo ooo oee, o oo e o o, ooi i o ii" [9, . 62]; io o ioooo (oo eoo) ooe, i eioeee [2; 13; 14; 21].

, oi e iio o ioi, i oe, oee oi o eei oe (, . o, . eo [9, . 67], . oeo [13] i.).

, eiooio ii o io i eioeee oeo e ooii oiei [13, . 143; 14, . 8], o ioo o .

o ()ii, ieee i io oi [12, . 22], i (()ii, ieee) eiooi [1, . 37]. Oe, o oi i o e oe ioi, .

. o [8], io ioi: ooo o, e "oeei oe, i XIX oi (oi, eii)", ioo "oeei oe, o i o o i eo i)". oe ei, " oo ii oee oe i io, oo o, oe i o io i eei ioi i" [8]. Ieii iioo ioi, . , ei, ioi, oi iii e [8].

, ee oe (o 10,5%), i i o o ioi. oi i oe oo (ioi 3,1%) . -ger, -fer (i gerere; ferre "e" [19, . 124]), -ceps (i . caput, itis n "oo", oi o: biceps [bis + caput, itis n] "ooo" [5] ), i eioo eooi ioe oooe o e oᒺi: Dentigera ( .

dens, dentis m ""), "", setigera ( . ""), squamiger ( ." ", ""), flocciferus ( . floccus, i m "", "")

"", piliferus ( . pilus, i m "") "", globiceps ( .: globus, m "") "", breviceps ( .: brevis, e "") "" oo.

o i e i oe -cola (i . colo, colui, coltum, ere "e, "), ioo, oii o. , oi o petricola ( . pe,troj o` "", "") ", ", "", cypricola ( e. Ku,proj h` "o. i", o "ee o. i") oo.

o o i e oe -(o)ides (i ei=doj to, ", o, oii"), -morpha (i e. morfh, h` ", o") -formis (i . forma, ae f ", "), i ioe oioi, oieoi i o ooo o ioo i. , oi A. nanaeformis (. o), A. colletiformis (. oeo) : oei i i ooi A. nana (. o), Colletes (oe) i.

i oo, i eei ioi (12 O) oe -ago (i . ago, egi, actum, ere "e"), e ei e eoo e i oo eooi iee, ie o (oi) o. , oi Conisania luteago (o i o), Xanthia aurago (. oo), Xanthia gilvago (. o-o), Mycteroplus puniceago (. o), Jodia croceago (. o) i. oei, ioio, i .: luteus, a, um "ooo-o"; aurum, i n "ooo, oo oi"; uniceus, a, um "o" (Punica arbos "oe eeo"); e. kro,keoj 2 "o". io oii i ioie e (ii ii ooo) eei ee [11, . 198-199, 205, . 266, 280, 283, 298, 443].

. ioi

-fuga (i fugio, fugi, fugiturus, ere "i"), -peta (i peto, ivi (ii), itum, ere ""), -fica (i facio, feci, factum, ere "o").

, o Cucullia lucifuga, Rhyacia lucipeta, ei ooe oeo i . lux, lucis f ("io"), oo ee , , "i i i", "o, o o i" [5].

eo oe pseudi e. yeudh,j 2 "oo, ") ( 8 ), eei iooio oieoi oᒺi. , oo o Pseudohadena oe i ooo Hadena.

Oe, i ioi io o , o o, o ioi oe o , ei o ee e i (pseud-, -ger, -fer, -morpha, formis), i e ei i oooio o i oe (-eps, -fica), i eoo iooo e (-oides, -cola, -ago). ³, , io e o oe oe, oi o oooio XIX o e ioi i eeo i (o o i i ei), io i, oe (o o i e ioi io eo).




140 .


, .

˲

1. . . c / .. , .. , .. , .. , .. . // . 1979. . 3-42.

2. .. - / .. // . 1983. 3. . 71-79.

3. .. / .. . . : . ., 1990. 284 .

4. . 㳿: / , , , . - : ̳ , 2007. 348 .

5. .. - . . 3, ./ .. . . : , 2002. 846 .

6. - .. .

㳿 䳺 : [] / - . . : , 1999. 73 .

7. - .. :

䳺 : [] / - . . : , 1999. 82 .

8. . :

/ . . [ ] : http:// sitebeta.ksu.ks.ua

9. .. :

. . ./ .. . .: , 1998. 182 .

10. .. / .. . . : " ", 1984. 251 .

11. .. / .. . . : - , 2006. 248 .

:

12. . . . 2-. / . . : - .- .-, 1961. 82 .

13. .. .

/.. . , 2007. 283 .

[ ] : http://lib.icc.melitopol.net

14. ͳ .. 㳿 : / .. ͳ. . : ., 1978. 31 .

15. .. . Laterculi vocum Latinarum et

terminorum : [] / . . :

, 2008. 328 .

16. .. - / .. // . . : . , 1984. . 86-93.

17. .. : / .. . : "-, ", 2005. 272 .

18. .. / .. . . : . , 1984. 194 .

19. .. . . 1 () . / .. . . : , 2003. 432 .

20. .. : ( ) / .. . . : , 1990. 256 .

21. .. : / .. , .. , .. . . : , 1989. 246 .

REFERENCES

1. Bartkov B.Y. Kvantitativnoe issledovanye statusa ryada affiksalnykh slovoobrazovatelnykh formantov sovremennogo anhlijskoho yazyka / B.Y. Bartkov, S.F. Bogdan, R.D. Elyseeva, E.V. Koltunova, A.H. Mironchyk // Osobennosti affiksalnoho slovoobrazovaniya v terminosistemakh i norme. 1979. S. 3-42.

2. Vasilyeva N.V. K semanticheskomu i funktsyonal'nomu opisaniyu greko-latinskikh terminoelementov v lingvisticheskoy terminologii / N.V. Vasil'eva // Voprosy yazykoznaniya. 1983. 3. S. 71-79.

3. Vykhovanets I.R. Tayina slova / I.R. Vykhovanets. K. : Rad. shk., 1990. 284 s.

XIX

4. Greshchuk V. Narysy z osnovotsentrychnoyi deryvatolohiyi:

monohrafiya / Greshchuk Vasyl, Bachkur Roman, Dzhochka Iryna, Poslavs'ka Natalya. Ivano-Frankivs'k : Misto NV, 2007. 348 s.



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